Applis recommend authors to cite electronic references within parentheses in the text. Applis recommends authors to follow the standards summarized in the NLM’s International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)
Reference Citation format: Only include references that have been cited in the body of the paper should be included.
Article title: Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002; 25:284-287.
More than six authors: List the first six authors followed by et al.Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002; 935:40-46.
Organization as author: Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance.Hypertension.2002;40:679-686.
Both personal authors and organization as author: Vallancien G, Emberton M, Harving N, Van Moorselaar RJ, Alf-One Study Group. Sexual dysfunction in 1,274 European men suffering from lower urinary tract symptoms.J Urol. 2003; 169:2257-2261.
No author given: 21st century heart solution may have a sting in the tail. BMJ.2002; 32:184.
Article not in English: Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. Sykdomsangstblantmedisin- ogjusstudenter. TidsskrNorLaegeforen. 2002; 122:785-787.Norwegian.
Volume with supplement: Geraud G, Spierings EL, Keywood C. Tolerability and safety of frovatriptan with short- and long-term use for treatment of migraine and in comparison with sumatriptan. Headache. 2002;42 Suppl 2:S93-S99.
Issue with supplement: Glauser TA.Integrating clinical trial data into clinical practice.Neurology. 2002;58(12 Suppl 7):S6-S12.
Pagination in roman numerals: Chadwick R, Schuklenk U. The politics of ethical consensus finding.Bioethics. 2002; 16:iii-v.
Article containing retraction: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. Safety and tolerability of a rapidly escalating dose-loading regimen for risperidone. J Clin Psychiatry.2002; 63:169. Retraction of: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. J Clin Psychiatry. 2000; 61:909-911.
Article republished with corrections: Mansharamani M, Chilton BS. The reproductive importance of P-type ATPases.Mol Cell Endocrinol.2002; 188:22-25. Corrected and republished from: Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2001; 183:123-126.
Books and Other Monographs
Personal author(s): Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
Chapter in a book: Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors.In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer.New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002; 93-113.
Conference proceedings: Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour Conference; 2001; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.
Conference paper: Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of Koza’s computational effort statistic for genetic programming. In: Foster JA, Lutton E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming.EuroGP 2002: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on
Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin: Springer; 2002; 182-191.
Scientific or technical report: Yen GG (Oklahoma State University, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Stillwater, OK). Health monitoring on vibration signatures.Final report. Arlington (VA): Air Force Office of Scientific Research (US), Air Force Research Laboratory; 2002 Feb. Report No: AFRLSRBLTR020123. Contract No.: F496209810049.
Patent: Pagedas AC, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D Inc., assignee. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498. 2002.
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