for Authors Manuscript Structure

For Authors

Manuscript Structure

1.Title Page:

An article is considered original research if…

• The title of the manuscript in sentence case. No abbreviations other than gene names or in common use.
• Full names and affiliation details of all corresponding authors.
• Affiliations of the authors indicated by numbers (not symbols).
• Equal contribution, if applicable, indicated by asterisk.
• Name, full postal address, including street number and name, and e-mail address of the corresponding author(s).
• Abbreviations, if relevant.
• Key words (5-10).
• Running title preceded by the first author’s name (maximum 100 characters with spaces, including the author’s name). For example: Pearson Et Al: Regulation of Her2 Expression by Nascent Growth Factors.

2. Abstract:

The abstract should briefly summarize the aim, findings or purpose of the article. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract. See the criteria section for this article type (located at the top of this page) for information on abstract and article word limits.

3. Introduction:

The Introduction section should explain the background to the study, its aims, a summary of the existing literature and why this study was necessary.


4. Methods/Experimental (can also be placed after Introduction):

The methods section should include:

• the aim, design and setting of the study
• the characteristics of participants or description of materials
• a clear description of all processes and methodologies employed. Generic names should generally be used. When proprietary brands are used in
research, include the brand names in parentheses
• the type of statistical analysis used, including a power calculation if appropriate
• studies involving human participants, data or tissue or animals must include the statement on ethics approval and consent.

5. Results

This should include the findings of the study including, if appropriate, results of statistical analysis which must be included either in the text or as tables and figures.


6. Discussion (can be combined in ‘Results and Discussion’ section)

For research articles this section should discuss the implications of the findings in context of existing research and highlight limitations of the study. For methodology manuscripts this section should include a discussion of any practical or operational issues involved in performing the study and any issues not covered in other sections.

7. Conclusions

This should state clearly the main conclusions and provide an explanation of the importance and relevance of the study to the field.

8. Declarations

All manuscripts must contain the following sections at the end of the manuscript, prior to the Reference list:

• Acknowledgements
• Funding
• Availability of data and materials
• Authors’ contributions
• Ethics approval and consent to participate
• Consent for publication
• Competing interests
• Authors’ information (optional)

If any of the sections are not relevant to your manuscript, please include the heading and write ‘Not applicable’ for that section.
For more details regarding the Declaration statements we request you to go through our editorial policies.